build interview questions

Top 15 build interview questions

14383 Jobs openings for build

Warning: The Copy Bundle Resources build phase contains this target's Info.plist file

I've separated a project into two builds and given each of them a plist file. Everything works fine, but I keep getting this build warning:

Warning: The Copy Bundle Resources build phase contains this target's Info.plist file 'MyApp-Info.plist'

I get this when I try to build MyApp. Building for the second target gives the same error (with SecondTarget-Info.plist in the warning). I'm not sure why it's a warning, since I want the build to contain that .plist file. Each of the .plist files have one target membership (for their own build).

What does this warning mean? Is there any way to make it go away?

Source: (StackOverflow)

Have Grunt generate index.html for different setups

I'm trying to use Grunt as a build tool for my webapp.

I want to have at least two setups:

I. Development setup - load scripts from separate files, without concatenation,

so my index.html would look something like:

<!DOCTYPE html>
        <script src="js/module1.js" />
        <script src="js/module2.js" />
        <script src="js/module3.js" />

II. Production setup - load my scripts minified & concatenated in one file,

with index.html accordingly:

<!DOCTYPE html>
        <script src="js/MyApp-all.min.js" />

The question is, how can I make grunt make these index.html's depending on the configuration when I run grunt dev or grunt prod?

Or maybe I'm digging in the wrong direction and it would be easier to always generate MyApp-all.min.js but put inside it either all my scripts (concatenated) or a loader script that asynchronously loads those scripts from separate files?

How do you do it, guys?

Source: (StackOverflow)

Xcode "Build and Archive" from command line

Xcode 3.2 provides an awesome new feature under the Build menu, "Build and Archive" which generates an .ipa file suitable for Ad Hoc distribution. You can also open the Organizer, go to "Archived Applications," and "Submit Application to iTunesConnect."

Is there a way to use "Build and Archive" from the command line (as part of a build script)? I'd assume that xcodebuild would be involved somehow, but the man page doesn't seem to say anything about this.

UPDATE Michael Grinich requested clarification; here's what exactly you can't do with command-line builds, features you can ONLY do with Xcode's Organizer after you "Build and Archive."

  1. You can click "Share Application..." to share your IPA with beta testers. As Guillaume points out below, due to some Xcode magic, this IPA file does not require a separately distributed .mobileprovision file that beta testers need to install; that's magical. No command-line script can do it. For example, Arrix's script (submitted May 1) does not meet that requirement.
  2. More importantly, after you've beta tested a build, you can click "Submit Application to iTunes Connect" to submit that EXACT same build to Apple, the very binary you tested, without rebuilding it. That's impossible from the command line, because signing the app is part of the build process; you can sign bits for Ad Hoc beta testing OR you can sign them for submission to the App Store, but not both. No IPA built on the command-line can be beta tested on phones and then submitted directly to Apple.

I'd love for someone to come along and prove me wrong: both of these features work great in the Xcode GUI and cannot be replicated from the command line.

Source: (StackOverflow)

Xcode warning: "Multiple build commands for output file"

I am getting an error like this:

[WARN]Warning: Multiple build commands for output file /Developer/B/Be/build/Release-iphonesimulator/BB.app/no.png

[WARN]Warning: Multiple build commands for output file /Developer/B/Be/build/Release-iphonesimulator/BB.app/d.png

[WARN]Warning: Multiple build commands for output file /Developer/B/Be/build/Release-iphonesimulator/BB.app/n.png

But I have checked Xcode and I don't see any duplicates of such files at all. As this post in the Apple Mailing Lists say, there are no duplicates.

Source: (StackOverflow)

What does the Visual Studio "Any CPU" target mean?

I have some confusion related to the .NET platform build options in Visual Studio 2008.

What is the "Any CPU" compilation target, and what sort of files does it generate? I examined the output executable of this "Any CPU" build and found that they are (who would not see that coming!) the x86 executables. So, is there any the difference between targeting executable to x86 vs "Any CPU"?

Another thing that I noticed, is that managed C++ projects do not have this platform as an option. Why is that? Does that mean that my suspicion about "Any CPU" executables being plain 32-bit ones is right?

Source: (StackOverflow)

Maven: add a dependency to a jar by relative path

I have a proprietary jar that I want to add to my pom as a dependency.

But I don't want to add it to a repository. The reason is that I want my usual maven commands such as mvn compile, etc, to work out of the box. (Without demanding from the developers a to add it to some repository by themselves).

I want the jar to be in a 3rdparty lib in source control, and link to it by relative path from the pom.xml file.

Can this be done? How?

Source: (StackOverflow)

Visual Studio "Could not copy" .... during build

I keep getting this error during the build of my VS2012 C# project

Error   41  Could not copy "obj\Debug\WeinGartner.WeinCad.exe" to
 Exceeded retry count of 10. Failed.    

Error   42  Unable to copy file "obj\Debug\WeinGartner.WeinCad.exe" to
"bin\Debug\WeinGartner.WeinCad.exe". The process cannot access the file
'bin\Debug\WeinGartner.WeinCad.exe' because it is being used by another 

Now I've figured out that killing the process


works (sometimes ) but this is getting on my nerves. Any way to stop this happening at all?

My debugger settings are

enter image description here enter image description here

Source: (StackOverflow)

External VS2013 build error "error MSB4019: The imported project was not found"

I am building a project through the command line and not inside Visual Studio 2013. Note, I had upgraded my project from Visual Studio 2012 to 2013. The project builds fine inside the IDE. Also, I completely uninstalled VS2012 first, rebooted, and installed VS2013. The only version of Visual Studio that I have is 2013 Ultimate.

    39>path_to_project.csproj(245,3): error MSB4019: The imported project "C:\Program Files (x86)\MSBuild\Microsoft\VisualStudio\v11.0\WebApplications\Microsoft.WebApplication.targets" was not found. Confirm that the path in the <Import> declaration is correct, and that the file exists on disk.
    39>Done Building Project "path_to_project.csproj" (Clean target(s)) -- FAILED.

Here are the two lines in question:

<Import Project="$(VSToolsPath)\WebApplications\Microsoft.WebApplication.targets" Condition="'$(VSToolsPath)' != ''" />
<Import Project="$(MSBuildExtensionsPath32)\Microsoft\VisualStudio\v12.0\WebApplications\Microsoft.WebApplication.targets" Condition="false" />

The original second line was v10.0, but I manually changed that to v12.0.

$(VSToolsPath) elongates from what I see to the v11.0 (VS2012) folder, which obviously is not there anymore. The path should have been to v12.0.

C:\Program Files (x86)\MSBuild\Microsoft\VisualStudio\v12.0\WebApplications\

I tried specifying VSToolsPath in my system environment variables table, but the external build utility still uses v11.0. I tried searching through the registry and that came up with nothing.

Sadly, I do not see any easy way to get the exact command line used. I use a build tool.


Source: (StackOverflow)

Node package ( Grunt ) installed but not available

I'm trying to build a github jquery-ui library using grunt, but after running npm install I still can't run the command according to the readme file. It just gives No command 'grunt' found:

james@ubuntu:~/Documents/projects/ad2/lib/jquery-ui$ grunt build
No command 'grunt' found, did you mean:
 Command 'grun' from package 'grun' (universe)
grunt: command not found
james@ubuntu:~/Documents/projects/ad2/lib/jquery-ui$ npm ls
jquery-ui@1.9.0pre /home/james/Documents/projects/ad2/lib/jquery-ui
├─┬ grunt@0.3.9 
│ ├── async@0.1.18 
│ ├── colors@0.6.0-1 
│ ├─┬ connect@1.8.7 
│ │ ├── formidable@1.0.9 
│ │ ├── mime@1.2.5 
│ │ └── qs@0.5.0 
│ ├── dateformat@1.0.2-1.2.3 
│ ├─┬ glob-whatev@0.1.6 
│ │ └─┬ minimatch@0.2.4 
│ │   └── lru-cache@1.0.6 
│ ├─┬ gzip-js@0.3.1 
│ │ ├── crc32@0.2.2 
│ │ └── deflate-js@0.2.2 
│ ├── hooker@0.2.3 
│ ├─┬ jshint@0.5.9 
│ │ ├── argsparser@0.0.6 
│ │ └─┬ minimatch@0.2.4 
│ │   └── lru-cache@1.0.6 
│ ├─┬ nodeunit@0.6.4 
│ │ ├── tap-assert@0.0.10 
│ │ └─┬ tap-producer@0.0.1 
│ │   ├── inherits@1.0.0 
│ │   ├── tap-results@0.0.2 
│ │   └── yamlish@0.0.5 
│ ├─┬ nopt@1.0.10 
│ │ └── abbrev@1.0.3 
│ ├─┬ prompt@0.1.12 
│ │ ├── pkginfo@0.2.3 
│ │ └─┬ winston@0.5.11 
│ │   ├── eyes@0.1.7 
│ │   ├─┬ loggly@0.3.11 
│ │   │ └── timespan@2.2.0 
│ │   └── stack-trace@0.0.6 
│ ├── semver@1.0.13 
│ ├─┬ temporary@0.0.2 
│ │ └── package@1.0.0 
│ ├── uglify-js@1.0.7 
│ ├── underscore@1.2.4 
│ └── underscore.string@2.1.1 
├── grunt-compare-size@0.1.4 
├─┬ grunt-css@0.2.0 
│ ├── csslint@0.9.8 
│ └── sqwish@0.2.0 
├── grunt-html@0.1.1 
├── request@2.9.153 
├─┬ rimraf@2.0.1 
│ └── graceful-fs@1.1.8 
└─┬ testswarm@0.2.2 
  └── request@2.9.202 

I'm confused, what am I missing please?

Source: (StackOverflow)

leiningen - how to add dependencies for local jars?

I want to use leiningen to build and develop my clojure project. Is there a way to modify project.clj to tell it to pick some jars from local directories?

I have some proprietary jars that cannot be uploaded to public repos.

Also, can leiningen be used to maintain a "lib" directory for clojure projects? If a bunch of my clojure projects share the same jars, I don't want to maintain a separate copy for each of them.


Source: (StackOverflow)

eclipse stuck when building workspace

I am using eclipse 3.4.1 Java EE under Vista. It seems to like getting stuck when building my workspace. Canceling the build doesn't seem to do anything as well.

Why is this happening and how do I fix the problem?

Source: (StackOverflow)

Running a release build with Xcode 4

I see how Xcode 4 splits the info on your targets nicely in one view, but how does one build and run these different builds? All I see are the options to build and to run, and these options to build for running, testing, and profiling. It's not clear to me how these map to the build configurations, though.

Source: (StackOverflow)

Javascript web app and Java server, build all in Maven or use Grunt for web app?

We are doing a web application with AngularJS and we like the idea of using Bower for Dependency Management and Grunt for building, running tests etc. (Yeoman)

The server is done with Java using Maven, so of course we would like with a simple mvn install build everything (web application + server)

So what approach you took and why?

1) Treat them as two different applications, which in fact they are. So using different building methods/tools is acceptable.

2) Forget about Grunt Bower, use Maven plugins to build, run tests, manage dependencies for the web application. If that is the case, which ones?

3) Use Maven exec plugin to call Grunt to build the front-end webapp. I see this more as a hack than a solution.

4) Other.

Approach easier to integrate with Jenkins is a plus.

Thanks in advance!

Source: (StackOverflow)

Where does Xcode 4 store Scheme Data?

I'm just starting to use Xcode 4, and I'm trying to find the file in a project where it stores all of a project's Schemes. I figured they would be stored in a file in the xcodeproj directory somewhere, but for the life of me I can't find which one.

All of my projects are stored on an SVN server, and I'd like to keep Scheme info with the project. Right now when you check out a project fresh, the Schemes don't make it along with.

EDIT: After playing with this a bit more, it appears that Schemes are stored each as separate files in xcuserdata/user.xcuserdata/xschemes/MyScheme.xscheme with a xcschememanagement.plist file to keep them all sorted.

So my new question, is there a way to store these in a per-project scope instead of a per-user scope? This way when another developer opens the same project, he'll see the same schemes I set up?

Source: (StackOverflow)

.NET 4.0 build issues on CI server

Anybody manage to get .NET 4.0 applications compiling on a CI server without installing Visual Studio 2010 on a CI server?

No SDK exists for .NET 4.0. Have installed .NET 4.0 on CI Server. Msbuild.exe works for simple projects and give the following warning:

(GetReferenceAssemblyPaths target) -> C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319\Microsoft.Common.targets(847,9): warning MSB3644: The reference assemblies for framework ".NETFramework,Version=v4.0" were not found. To resolve this, install the SDK or Targeting Pack for this framework version or retarget your application to a version of the framework for which you have the SDK or Targeting Pack installed. Note that assemblies will be resolved from the Global Assembly Cache (GAC) and will be used in place of reference assemblies. Therefore your assembly may not be correctly targeted for the framework you intend.

Source: (StackOverflow)